Nancy Roman: First Chief Astronomy

Nancy Roman: First Chief Astronomy

There is an Intel swarming around all over the world and it also gave us cling and peek to NASA’s new telescope and according to the base Intel. It has announced that the next-generation telescope of NASA will be named after the former astronomer Nancy Roman who as we know was the first chief Astronomy.

It is a tribute to her incredible feats and her visions about the organization. The Government has made a Roman Space telescope of higher accuracy by the grace of her name which is set to launch in the mid-2020.


Starting with the awaited question who is Nancy Roman?

Well, Nancy Grace Roman(May 16, 1925 – December 25, 2018) was born in Nashville. She is regarded as one of the best astronomers and also has made remarkable contributions to the field of Astronomy. She was the first to be the Chief of Astronomy of NASA in the late 1960s and 1970s. Establishing herself as a household name for NASA, she also created a program called “Mother of Hubble” for her foundational role in establishing the Hubble Space Telescope.

As her enduring feats and traits, the administrator of the aforementioned organization, Jim Bridenstine will be naming the next telescope after her name which is going to be launched in the mid-2020. The telescope is going to be a Wide-field Infrared Survey Telescope.


Sneak Peek at the infrastructure of the Telescope:

In 2010, Roman was recommended with the dish of this idea by the United States National Research Council Decadal Survey Committee with the utmost priority of the next decade of astronomy. On 17 February 2016, Roman was approved for development and launch.

The Roman telescope had its base on the existing 2.4 m wide field and field-of-view has the capacity of two scientific instruments. It has a 288 megapixels camera fitted in for more sharp sight imaginary with the source of infrared built in it and the capture of the target will be precise as compared to what achieved by Hubble Space Telescope(HST) with the 0.28 field of view. So, we can say that it is a hundred times bigger than HST.

The design of the telescope is heavily influenced and proposed by the Joint Dark Energy Mission between the collaboration of NASA and DOE. It adds more details to the structure and highly improves over its predecessor and also has more extent and capabilities with the help of JDEM including a search for extrasolar planets using gravity microlensing. It also widely expands upon measuring space-time and calculations and also keenly calculates the growth of Universes. The large focus is high on the dark energy and cultivation of space-time.

On 12 February 2018, development of the telescope war proposed by JDEM only to be terminated by the President FY19 with the request of budget. Time passed and in March 2018 not to much passed and the Congress approved the development of the telescope and the funding also took place that allowed it to continue its creation until September 30, 2018, in a report stating that Congress is rejecting the cancellation of scientific priorities recommended by the National Academy of Sciences Decadal Services process.

In July 2018, Jim Bridenstine in testimony before congress decided to slow the development of Roman in order to accommodate the increased cost in JWST, which would result in a decrease in the funding of telescopes in Roman 2020-21. However, in President FY20, the budget was requested and it got a green light. The budget it received was $511 million. On March 2, 2020, NASA announced that the testimony has approved and made Roman proceed with the development cost of $3.2 Billion with a cost going down to a maximum of $3.934 Billion including the development of coronagraph and five years of mission science operation. It did get through but we will finally get to see it.



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